عربي asfsfm2017

Saudi Arabia, Riyadh

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is the second-largest country in the Arab world after Algeria, with an area of 2,149,690 km2. It is bordered by Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, the Sultanate of Oman, and Yemen. Before the establishment of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, it consisted of four regions: Hejaz, Najd and parts of Eastern Arabia (Al-Hasa) and Southern Arabia (Asir). The Kingdom was founded in 1932 by King Abdulaziz Ibn Saud (1882-1953), who united the four regions into a single state. Saudi Arabia is sometimes called "the Land of the Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Al-Masjid al-Haram (in Mecca), and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (in Medina), the two holiest places in Islam. The Kingdom has the total population of 30,770,375 (as per 2014 data). Saudi Arabia has 25 high capacity universities in the public sector which offer higher education in almost every discipline of social and natural sciences. Saudi Arabia is a dominant oil producer and exporter and has the world's second largest reserves of hydrocarbon. It is the only Arab country to be part of the G-20 major economies and is an active member of the Gulf Cooperation Council, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), and OPEC.

Riyadh "The City of Gardens"

Riyadh, also called the city of gardens, is the capital city of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and is situated in the center of the Arabian Peninsula in an area called Najd. The city has a population of more than 5.8 million and extends for some 1600 square kilometers. Riyadh consists of 15 municipal districts and has become one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the Arab world with people from more than 35 different countries living and working here. Riyadh rivals any modern city in the world in the splendor of its traditional Arab style with the best of modern architecture. Broad highways sweep through the city, passing over or under each other in an impressive and still growing road network. Riyadh is home to the first university in Saudi Arabia, King Saud University (1957) with 35,810 students of both sexes. The biggest all-female university in the world, the Princess Nora bint Abdulrahman University, is also located in this city. Riyadh is the educational, commercial, industrial, and cultural hub of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.